Kok-Boru, Kyrgyzstan

Dead Goat Polo in Kyrgyzstan? Yeah, It’s a Real Thing.

Today, I want to write about dead goat polo, a sport known as Kok-Boru in Kyrgyzstan.  It’s a bit barbaric, it’s definitely a bit of a controversy, but the thoughts the sport evoked in me were interesting, so I wanted to share them with you.

Kok-Boru, Kyrgyzstan

What is Kok-Boru: Dead Goat Polo

I’ve heard to people refer to Kok-Boru as both dead goat polo and dead goat football.  But, to me, it’s more like dead goat rugby.  The sport is actually played in many of the ‘stans and is named different things in different countries.  In fact, the sport was featured in one of the Rambo movies, though I think in that film it was being played in Afghanistan.

The history and folklore behind the sport is interesting.  In Kyrgyzstan, after seeing my second match of Kok-Boru, one of the local players gave me a bit of a rundown on the sport.

Apparently, dead goat polo was invented in the mountains after locals saw a pack of grey wolves kill a goat and then toss it around for fun.  And while that first part might be folklore, the sport was actually used as a means to get horses ready for war.  And, if you ever watch the game, that idea makes full sense.  The horses, along with their riders are constantly smashing into each other, blocking, and battling. It does look like real war at times.

Kok-Boru, Kyrgyzstan

In reality, the game looks a little bit like rugby with a tire-tube basketball-style goal.  Teams scrum for the dead goat, and try to scoop it from the ground of the pitch and then deliver it to the goal.  Most of the game is spent in a face-off-like battle to pick up the goat in which teams push and shove until someone picks up the goat. Then, they battle their way around the pitch until the goat gets tossed into one of the goals.  Quite often, the game can be a little bit slow. But, then, occasionally the scrums break and there is some excitement as they race towards a goal.

Kok-Boru, Kyrgyzstan
Players around the goal.

The Mini Nomad Game Version at Bel-Tam

My first experience with Kok-Boru was near the Bel-Tam Yurt Camp on Issyk-Kul Lake.  There were these amazing mini-nomad games put on in association with Discover Kyrgyzstan and USAID, and Kok-Boru was one of the events.  Honestly, I didn’t know it at the time, but this match was quite tame.  Maybe because they were playing in front of tourists, and it was meant as more of a display than a competition, it was much tamer than my later game.  But, it was a nice way to ease into the sport.

Check out more from the games in the video below:

A Real Game of Dead Goat Polo

The day after the mini nomad games, I was invited to see a real Kok-Boru match.  And, it was definitely much more real.

In fact, I was even there when they killed the goat.  And, honestly, it was pretty hard to watch.  But, I think it’s my journalistic duty to see these things.  In fact, I think that if you’re going to watch the sport, you have to be willing to see that side of things too.  More on that later.

This match was far more intense as they were less concerned, I think, about being tame for tourists.  They went full out and it was actually really violent at times.

When the game ended, they gave me the chance to get up on a horse and try to play a bit as well.  But, it’s a challenge, for sure.  Just picking the goat from the ground is a seriously tough task.  Then, holding the goat is another story all together, it’s extremely heavy at about 35-40kg.  I can’t imagine picking up the goat and then galloping a horse at full speed while hanging on to it.

Kok Boru

After the game, it’s apparently an honour to be chosen to get to eat the goat. And, we were given that honour as guests. We were invited to the house of one of the players where we had a goat feast.  It was kind of a surreal feeling. And, as I mentioned in the intro, it made me think about a lot of things.

Kok Boru
The family that hosted us.

Let’s Talk Animals/Food/Ethics

Before I posted the video of the sport I knew the post would create controversy. And, to be honest, I didn’t really have an opinion one way or another on the ethics of it all.  I wanted to see it played out before I formulated my opinions.

The progress of my opinion went like this:

  1. When they killed the goat: “Why do we need to use a goat? Can’t we create a synthetic one with a bag of potatoes?”
  2. When they were playing: “Damn, the horses almost have it as bad as the goat. They take a beating!”
  3. When they told me we were eating the goat: “Well, that makes me feel a bit better.”
  4. Afterwards: “Why do we need to use a goat? Can’t we create a synthetic one with a bag of potatoes?”

I spent a lot of time thinking about it on the way to Karakol that night, and I think I came up with my final opinion.

It’s in the end monologue of the video, but I’ll also sum it up.

Why is there so much controversy about using a full dead goat?  If I played a game of football in Kyrgyzstan, and then after the game someone told me that their wife made the ball out of cow’s leather, would there be the same outrage?  If not, why not?  Why is there this anger surrounding the playing with a full dead goat rather than just bits of it?


I think that if you were outraged by the use of a dead goat for sport, then you should also be outraged by the use of leather products being used in sports: football, american football products for example still often use leather.  And, you should also be just as outraged by people eating it.  If you respect an animal so much that you don’t think we should play with it, you shouldn’t eat it or buy products of it in general.

It’s harder to see when it’s raw, but what is the real difference between playing with a full animal or just parts of one?

Also, this goat lived a free range life.  Likely much better than most north american produced meat does.  Are you also outraged about that? Or because it happens behind closed doors and is hidden it’s ok? Out of sight, out of mind.

My final take away is this:

  • The tradition will eventually move towards a synthetic goat.
  • If you’re outraged by the use of a dead goat, you should also be outraged about all leather products.
  • The shock value of this sport is the thing that could turn a person vegetarian.
  • I think everyone needs to see where their food and products come from to give some “reality” to their usage and consumption of animals.
  • I still don’t have strong feelings either way, and can totally understand arguments on both sides of things.


I’d love to hear your opinions regarding the sport of Kok-Boru AKA dead goat polo.  What do you think?  Let me know in the comments.

And, if you haven’t seen my article with photos of Norway, check it out.


This trip was made possible by the support of the American people through the United States Agency for International Development (USAID). The contents are the sole responsibility of the author and do not necessarily reflect the views of USAID or the United States Government